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At an early age, the treatment of an arachnoid cyst is questioned. The neoplasm is asymptomatic, in a third of cases causing slight delays in psychomotor development.
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Therefore, in medicine there is no exact answer to the question of whether it is worth treating primary arachnoid CSF cysts.
What swings secondary cysts formed against the background of the underlying disease, they can be frozen or progressive. Arachnoid cysts that have frozen without consequences do not pose a risk to brain activity and also do not require treatment. All that is needed is to identify and eliminate the causes of cyst formation, as well as to prevent risk factors that contribute to the formation of cysts.formation of new cysts.
The progression of the arachnoid CSF cyst requires complex measures, including surgical removal. There are several ways to treat an arachnoid cyst - these include drainage of the cyst by needle aspiration, excision of the cyst using endoscopic and laser techniques, and shunting or drainage of the cyst into the subdural space or abdominal cavity.
This article is posted for educational purposes only and does not constitute scientific material or professional medical advice. Arachnoid cyst of the brain.
It is important to remember that a cyst is not a tumor and in most cases is either asymptomatic or mild and very rarely requires surgery.
Arachnoid cyst of the brain, which is the most common type of brain cyst, present in 4% of the population, is a sac filled with liquor (cerebrospinal or cerebrospinal fluid) located in the arachnoid membrane of the brain.
According to the dynamics of development, there are cysts: Progressive. This type of cyst is characterized by a gradual increase in symptoms associated with the fact that the cyst increasing in volume increases its pressure on the brain. Frozen. These formations are stable and usually do not cause concern, often occur without symptoms, and some are detected only incidentally during brain imaging due to other reasons. Symptoms of an arachnoid cyst.
The larger the cyst, the more symptoms will appear, their frequency and strength will increase. With prolonged and strong compression, it can lead to irreversible changes in brain tissue. With excessive compression and rupture of the cyst membranes, the death of the patient is possible.
Diagnosis and treatment of arachnoid cysts. Cysts that flow without any manifestations can only be detected by chance. In the case of neurological manifestations, the doctor first of all analyzes the patient's complaints. However, manifestations can only indicate that there are some malfunctions in the brain, but do not allow classifying the problem.
Hematomas, brain tumors, cysts located inside the brain have the same symptoms. For a more accurate diagnosis, the doctor may prescribe electroencephalography, echoencephalography or rheoencephalography. The disadvantage of these methods is that they do not provide information about the exact location of the formation, nor about its nature.
The main goal of any treatment for an arachnoid cyst is to drain fluid and reduce pressure on the brain tissue. To date, the most accurate diagnostic method that allows a high degree of accuracy to distinguish an arachnoid cyst from a tumor or hematoma is computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).
This can be achieved by various methods, including: Shunting. In this method, the surgeon places a tube (shunt) into the cyst through which fluid is diverted to other parts of the body (for example, the abdominal cavity), where it is absorbed by other tissues.
In this case, holes are created in the patient's skull and cyst walls for drainage and ensuring the normal flow of cerebrospinal fluid. Needle aspiration and connection through holes of the inside of the cyst with the subarachnoid space to drain fluid into it.